Below is an overview of the some of the styles of antique and estate jewelry from the 18th century to the s. Many designations are based upon the names of Kings and Queens, most from the royals of the English monarchy. Others terms are derived from a variety of sources. However, countries such as France have their own classification for many of the same time periods – a number are noted here. Dates provided are only a guide. There is no precise year or moment when one stylistic period ended and another began. Gradual transitions and shifts waxed and waned, new styles came into play, others continued, many fell from favor. Styles of this period in estate and vintage jewelry are characterized by the use of gold, and often rose gold. Platinum, popular in prior decades, was scarce due to its use in World War II.
Styles & Eras of Antique Jewelry (Circa 1800 – 1950)
Furniture styles can be determined by careful study and remembering what design elements each one embraces. To help understand what defines each period, here are some of the major design elements for each period. New colonists in America brought their English furniture traditions with them and tried to translate these styles using native woods.
Glues of the period sometimes weakened. Dovetails have great strength, holding pieces of wood in perfect alignment over long periods of time. This lavishly.
When you want to refinish old wooden furniture, the best place to look is the family storeroom: Check the attic, basement, garage, or wherever unwanted furniture has collected. You may also discover a real antique or two — pieces handed down through the family for generations. Other good sources are secondhand stores, household auctions, and garage sales. With furniture, as with anything else, one person’s junk is another another’s treasure.
Antique stores are a good place to find furniture to refinish, but expect to pay for these pieces. If you’re interested in antiques, recent or old, research before you buy anything. Real antiques and many reproductions are extremely valuable, but there are also many imitations. If you aren’t sure an antique is really antique, pay for an expert opinion. Never buy an antique, or try to refinish it, until you know what you have. In this article, we’ll discuss how to assess whether a piece of furniture is an antique and whether it is worth saving through the refinishing process.
There are many different styles of furniture, and each type has distinguishing features.
How Gold Buyers Date Antique Jewelry by Time Period
If you suspect your piece is pre, like these early s antiques, consult an expert — do not refinish. If you have a worn old dresser or rickety heirloom chair on your hands, you may be thinking of refinishing it yourself. Older mass-produced pieces whose origins fall somewhere between and are ideal candidates for refinishing. Here are some general guidelines to assessing the age and quality of your piece.
But keep in mind that there are lots of exceptions to these rules, so err on the side of caution. Hand-cut dovetails can date an older American piece to before , although hobbyists and specialty makers still use them.
Caddx Wired Arming/Disarming Station. Manufacturer: Caddi-Caddex. Product: Keypads. Date Period: Later ‘s. Materials: Plastic.
The Commonwealth furniture was an interruption in the general trends of English furniture development. It disdained foreign influence, ornamentation, luxury, and decoration, appealing to simple straightforward designs. Queen Anne, Elizabethan This, by definition still comes into the Tudor Period, but the style is characterised by even more florid decortaion, such as strapwork, terminal figures, bulbous supports, festoons, swags, geometric and medallion panels, lozenges, arcading and pilasters.
Jacobean Strictly speaking the term should apply only to the reign of James I but the style continued long after his death. Oak is still the prime medium with such use as marquetry or parquetry and poker work. Cromwellian When the king was eliminated in , the Cromwellian or Commonwealth period began. The Puritan discipline and austerity began. Utilitarian was in and ornamentation was curtailed. Carolean This saw a reaction against the austerity of the Puritan era which preceded it.
Queen Anne, In this period walnut furniture reached its best phase. The emphasis was on graceful curves and a return to the veneer instead of marquetry and decoration. Simple elagance was the hallmark of the period, demonstrated in such detail as cabriole legs, hoop backed chairs and bracket feet.
A primer on furniture styles
Here is a list of dates —. Enter your email address below to stay up to date with all the latest news and events from Driscolls Antiques. All online enquiries will be answered during this time. James Driscoll via email, but I can’t say enough about his knowledge and helpfulness when I contacted him about two pieces of furniture. He responded quickly to my query and replied just as promptly to my further emails.
I’ve also learned so much from his excellent description of the Gillows of Lancaster company and its history on his website.
Most antique and heirloom jewelry can be separated into four distinct time periods; Victorian, Edwardian, Art Deco, and Mid Century.
Have you ever wondered just what George II or Chippendale period actually mean. Many dealers and enthusiasts refer to furniture and works of art by which period they are from without actually divulging even roughly what year that means the article is from. Now that is fine if talking to a fellow dealer or even somebody with an in depth knowledge of history, but what about to the ordinary man on the street.
How are they meant to know that Chippendale Period means around or that Regency Period means to ? Hopefully the following table will be a valuable resource to anybody trying to decipher a description they have been given or even anybody just trying to learn more about dates and styles of furniture. English cabinetmaker Thomas Chippendale was a master designer who achieved worldwide fame and Chippendale furniture became one of the outstanding styles of the 18th century. Early pieces have cabriole legs with ball and class feet which have been referred to as French inspiration with English sturdiness.
Chippendale style furniture was generally made of mahogany although walnut, cherry and maple were used for less expensive pieces.
How to Determine the Age of Antique Furniture
Old Style O. There were two calendar changes in Great Britain and its colonies, which may sometimes complicate matters: the first was to change the start of the year from Lady Day 25 March to 1 January; the second was to discard the Julian calendar in favour of the Gregorian calendar. Beginning in , the Gregorian calendar replaced the Julian in Roman Catholic countries.
This change was implemented subsequently in Protestant and Orthodox countries, usually at much later dates. In England and Wales , Ireland , and the British colonies, the change to the start of the year and the changeover from the Julian calendar occurred in under the Calendar New Style Act
Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are terms sometimes used with dates to indicate that the But for the period between the first introduction of the Gregorian calendar on 15 October and its introduction in Britain on 14 September
Late s to s It is always fun when a ring is inscribed with a date, taking the guess work out of circa dating. Although jewelry is sometimes seen with a much later inscription than when it was actually made, that is not the norm. Rings from the early s that are not dated may also have features to help identify them. Stones in that period were often set in a close-backed mounting, and sometimes foiled as well.
Stones in the rings could also be set in a silver head with a karat gold band and rose cut diamonds, all typical of this time period. Hair and memorial rings were worn by both men and women. The crystal is a faceted octagon with a tiny layer of hair under the bottom and a dash of rose pink coloring. The diamond is set in a pinched silver collet rim and the scale design wraps around the entire ring.
18.5D: Carbon Dating and Estimating Fossil Age
Most of our jewelry at Filigree Jewelers is from an era long ago. Our collection spans seven time periods, each distinct in style and construction with history and romance as the driving factors. Learn more about each era below. We call many pieces in our collection antique; technically to be an antique it needs to be made over years ago.
A rare large blue and white ovoid jar and cover, Chongzhen period next, which can help enormously in the dating and authenticating process.
At one time seating reflected social status and in the Middle Ages only the head of a household had a chair, while everyone else sat on benches or stools. During the 17th century, chairs were made with upholstered seats. Most sets of dining chairs date from after From the mid 18th century onwards fashions for seatings were established by the designs of the leading furniture makers such as Thomas Chippendale, George Hepplewhite and Thomas Sheraton.
Chairs began as basic oak stools and settles. It was during the 17th century that chairs began to be elaborately turned and carved. Some incorporated inlaid marquetry decoration. It became more important in the 18th century to increase comfort and luxury and this led to the development of a wide range of sumptuously upholstered open armchairs.
Although seats were generally stuffed and not sprung yet, many had loose feather-filled cushions that made them feel very comfortable. Armchair design was led by the French.
If you are trying to determine the age of a piece of American antique furniture , it will require investigative work. Look closely at the the different elements that make the piece of furniture. Examine the level of work that went into the furniture from the joinery, finishing, knobs, and more. Study the materials used from the wood, fabric, and screws.
If you take all these factors into consideration, you may be able to figure out on your own if have an antique or a machine-made reproduction. When you are trying to determine the age of piece you cannot just look at furniture style.
Patch Period c Marks on the bases of early soft paste Derby figures indicate the points where supports were used to prevent the porcelain sticking.
Showroom – Frequently Asked Questions. As the dovetail joint evolved through the last one hundred thirty years, it becomes a clue for the age and authenticity of antique furniture. The type of dovetailed joint, especially in drawers, reveals much about furniture construction and dating. With just a little study of these examples, it is easy to spot true hand made construction vs.
The earliest examples are from furniture placed with mummies in Egypt thousands of years ago, and also in the burials of ancient Chinese emperors. For thousands of years, a dovetail joint was created by a skilled cabinetmaker using small, precision saws and wood chisels. Tiny angled saw cuts were followed by careful cutting by a sharpened chisel on both sides to avoid splintering.
When the joint is expertly executed, it is a thing of beauty, and a secure joining of two boards that can last for centuries. A little glue cements the connection, and a good dovetail joint has great strength and durability. This secretary desk from about was built by a good country carpenter, notice the dovetails on the side of the drawer, and holding the top and side planks together as well.
Hand cut dovetails were used to hold the sides of drawers together, but also to join the structural members of case furniture. Hand made screws and nails were relatively expensive and could rust and expand, sometimes cracking the wood they secured.
Peterborough – Festival of Antiques
King Hiero II of Syracuse gave Archimedes the assignment to investigate the purity of a newly commissioned golden wreath, believing silver was added to the gold content. Although the technicalities in this legendary story are most likely based on myth, it does give an early account of fraud with precious metals. The German Crown in a Sun Hallmark. Image Courtesy of the Hallmark Research Institute.
From medieval times to the midth century, hallmarks were used only as a means of consumer protection.
Still, not everything for sale has a certified date of origin. Instead, we have to Think of an antique as an original period painting. “Like great art.
Matching solid brass late Victorian antique rim locks and their original matching escutcheon. Nice quality flanged solid brass rim lock dating from the early part of the s to with its original keep and key. It has various sta Lightly refur A solid brass early s rim lock with a flanged edge, probably dating from around – The mechanism has been refurbished and the brass c A good quality example of antique early s solid brass rim lock with original key and keep.
The lock has had the mechanism lightly refurbished a These are quite substantial weighing 1. Both the latch and either option of handles are direct copies fr An unusual late Victorian antique brass rim lock with it’s brass beehive door handles and original key. The handle is above the lock rather than si An antique Edwardian solid brass rim lock with its original oval handles, brass key and keep.